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What are the benefits of gac fruit?

Gac, The Wonder Fruit

Gac truly is a wonder fruit, packed from seed to skin with nutrients and age-defying antioxidants: In just the arils (the soft, deep red membranes surrounding the seeds) you can find lots of carotenoids, vitamins, polyunsaturated fats, protein, polyphenol compounds and flavonoids [1,2] – all nutrients vital to good health.

Gac is packed from seed to skin with nutrients and age-defying antioxidants -- 70 times more lycopene than tomatoes, 10 times more beta-carotene and 40 times more zeaxanthin than yellow corn.

While all of these nutrients can be found as supplements, studies show that it is much more effective to get them from a diet containing whole fruits and vegetables than from a pill [3]. Of course, you could get all of these nutrients by eating a full, balanced, complete diet full of fresh vegetables and fruit… but with gac, all of these can be found in just one simple fruit [1,3]. These nutrients give gac a wide range of wonderful health benefits for the whole body -- including the mind [20], eyes, skin and heart.

Many other so-called healthy fruits and vegetables lose their health benefits when juiced [17], either because the juice is naturally sugary (such as orange juice), or because sugar needs to be added to make it taste good (as in cranberry juice). Gac, on the other hand, retains all its health benefits when juiced because of its naturally low sugar content and its mild and refreshing taste [18].

Take a look and see for yourself what gac can do for you.

Bright Eyes & Mind – Vision Protection for Screen-based Life

A whopping sixty eight percent (nearly 7 out of every 10) of millennials suffer digital eye strain caused by prolonged exposure to screens [20]. Gac fruit is the “superfruit” for your eyes. It contains more carotenoids and Vitamin A than many common fruits and vegetables found in the Western diet – more than yellow corn, green leafy vegetables, and even tomatoes and carrots, Research also found gac’s carotenoids are easier for the body to absorb and use [7,9].

Nearly 70% of millennials suffer digital eye strain caused by prolonged exposure to screens. Thirty percent adults in the U.S. spend over 9 hours using back-lid digital devices daily.

Carotenoids are a vital antioxidant that protects cells from the harmful light that causes our eyes and skin to age and degenerate [4-6]. In the eyes, they shield both the cornea, where light shines into the eye, and the retina, the part essential to “receiving” and “seeing” light.

Eating a diet rich in carotenoids, especially lycopene, beta-carotene, vitamin A, and lutein, can help prevent vision loss, reduce dry eye, and even improve night vision [4,7,8]. They also help the immune system function properly, fighting off sickness and preventing inflammation [15].

A 2017 study based on a large population sample of older adults found higher blood levels of Lutein and Zeaxanthin -- two Carotenoids highly concentrated in Gac -- is associated with better cognition, memory and executive function of the brain [21]. 

A Clear Complexion – Firm and Youthful Skin

Beauty may be skin-deep, but the health of the skin is a direct reflection of the health of the rest of the body. Eating a good diet rich in fruits and vegetables not only promotes a healthy body and mind, but also healthy skin [10, 14-16] you look great when you feel great. But diet’s effect on the skin goes even further – there is mounting evidence showing how the rich nutrients in gac can benefit our skin.

  • Carotenoids and vitamins A, E and C can prevent collagen, the strengthening protein in the skin that keeps it firm and youthful looking, from being broken down over time [15].
  • Protein, as well as healthy fats and carbohydrates, help keep the skin clear, young-looking, and free of disease.
  • Polyunsaturated fats are important to good skin health [2,3,10,14-16] and they also help the body better use carotenoids [7] – a double benefit, especially when you consider that carotenoids may help reduce the risk of skin cancer [3,15].
  • The minerals zinc and selenium, also found in gac help these nutrients do their jobs better [3]
  • Gac fruit is also low in sugar, which has been associated with acne breakouts and skin aging [15].

    A Steady Beat – Health Benefits for the Heart

    The benefits of carotenoids don’t stop at the eyes, though – they boost health throughout the whole body. Lycopene and other carotenoids have been associated with lower risks of stroke and heart disease. It contains high quantities of Omega 3 and 6 oils which have been proven as a preventative nutrient for cardiovascular diseases and repairing DNA damage. [4,10,19].

    Gac is rich in polyphenols and flavonoids, special chemicals found in tea, cocoa, olive oil and red wines that are famous in the media for helping to prevent heart attacks and stroke, as well as prevent arthritis and vision loss [1,10]. Unlike tea, cocoa and wine, Gac is caffeine free, low in sugar, and non-alcoholic [1] – a perfect choice for your health.

    And the Rest of you – Health Benefits in General

    The nutrients in Gac fruit has the potential for helping the whole body grow strong, prevent infection, and avoid disease. But that isn’t all – it may even help prevent some types of cancers [3].

    In studies, extracts of Gac helped to restrict the blood vessels feeding tumors, starving the cancer and killing it. It gets a little more complicated than that, though:

    The high amounts of Lycopene and Lutein in Gac may help stop tumors from growing in the colon, the breasts, and skin [3]. Polyphenols also do their part, preventing normal cells from being damaged and turning into tumors, while also attacking cancerous cells and forcing them to self-destruct [16].

    Are you interested? Then try some - improve your health with Gac fruit.

    References
    1. University of Newcastle, Australia - Gac Research, https://gacfruit.weebly.com/gac-fruit-composition.html

    2. Ishida BK, et al., 2004., Fatty Acid and Carotenoid Composition of Gac (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng) Fruit., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52 (2), pp 274–279., DOI: 10.1021/jf030616i
    3. Aoki H, et al., 2002., Carotenoid pigments in GAC fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis SPRENG). Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2002 Nov;66(11):2479-82
    4. Oregon State university: α-Carotene, β-Carotene, β-Cryptoxanthin, Lycopene, Lutein, and Zeaxanthin, http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/dietary-factors/phytochemicals/carotenoids

    5. Roh S, Weiter JJ,. 1994., Light damage to the eye., J Fla Med Assoc. 1994 Apr;81(4):248-51.
    6. Rozanowska M, et al., Light-Induced Damage to the Retina, http://photobiology.info/Rozanowska.html

    7. Burke DS, Smidt CR, Vuong LT., 2005., Momordica cochinensis, Rosa roxburghii, Wolfberry, and Sea Buckthorn -- Highly Nurtritional Fruits Supported by Tradition and Science., Current Topics in Nutraceutical Research Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 259-266, 2005
    8. Gong X, et al., 2017., Effects of the Macular Carotenoid Lutein in Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells., antioxidants, November 2017
    9. American Chemical Society., 2003., Fatty acids and carotenoids in Gac fruit., https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf030616i

    10. Crowe KM, Murray E., 2013., Deconstructing a fruit serving: comparing the antioxidant density of select whole fruit and 100% fruit juices., J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Oct;113(10):1354-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.04.024.
    11. Mayo Clinic, Caffiene: How much is Too Much, https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/caffeine/art-20045678
    12. Rippe JM, Angelopoulos TJ., 2016., Relationship between Added Sugars Consumption and Chronic Disease Risk Factors: Current Understanding., Nutrients. 2016 Nov; 8(11): 697.
    13. , Alcohol's Effects on the Body., https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/alcohols-effects-body
    14. Katta R and Desai SP., 2014., The Role of Dietary Intervention in Skin Disease., J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2014 Jul; 7(7): 46–51., PMCID: PMC4106357
    15. Pappas, A., 2009., The relationship of diet and acne., Dermatoendocrinol. 2009 Sep-Oct; 1(5): 262–267.
    16. Schagen SK, et al., 2012., Vasiliki A. Zampeli, Evgenia Makrantonaki, Christos C. ZouboulisDiscovering the link between nutrition and skin aging, Dermatoendocrinol. 2012 Jul 1; 4(3): 298–307. doi: 4161/derm.22876, PMCID: PMC3583891
    17. Tien PG, et al., 2005., Inhibition of tumor growth and angiogenesis by water extract of Gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis)., Int J Oncol. 2005 Apr;26(4):881-9.
    18. Kha TC, et al., 2012., Gac Fruit: Nutrient and Phytochemical Composition, and Options for Processing., Food Reviews International, Volume 29, 2013 - Issue 1
    19. Hoang V. Chuyen, et al., 2014, Gac fruit (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng.): a rich source of bioactive compounds and its potential health benefits, Food Sci Technol, 50: 567-577. doi:10.1111/ijfs.12721
    20. The Vision Council., 2015., Hindsight is 20/20/20, Protect Your Eyes from Digital Devices., Digital Eye Strain Report 2015
    21. Joanne Feeney, et al., 2017, Plasma Lutein and Zeaxanthin are Associated with Better Cognitive Function Across Multiple Domains in a Large Population-based Sample of Older Adults: Findings from the Irish Logitudinal Study on Aging. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, Volume 72, Issue 10, 1 October 2017, Pages 1431–1436, https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glw330